Air Temperatures The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Monday:

84  Lihue, Kauai
89  Honolulu, Oahu
86  Molokai
90  Kahului, Maui – record highest temperature for Monday was 94 back in…1979
87  Kailua Kona
86  Hilo, Hawaii

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands, as of Monday evening:

0.36  Kilohana, Kauai
0.13  Pupukea Road, Oahu
0.12  Molokai AP, Molokai
0.00  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.22  Puu Kukui, Maui
1.00  Kawainui Stream, Big Island

The following numbers represent the strongest wind gusts (mph)…as of Monday evening:

16  Port Allen, Kauai

27  Makua Range, Oahu
23  Molokai
30  Lanai
27  Kahoolawe
27  Kahului, Maui

27  Upolu airport, Big Island

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too… depending upon weather conditions.

Aloha Paragraphs
Satellite image showing tropical storm Karina far to the east, and  tropical
storm Lowell further east…along with a tropical disturbance to the east-
southeast of the Hawaiian Islands…and
another to the south-southwest
of the islands

Here’s a real time wind profiler tropical storm Karina to the east-southeast,
along with tropical storm Lowell further east
…the area closer to the
of Hawaii is a tropical disturbance, which
has a low chance
of developing, and finally…there’s another
disturbance well to the south-
southwest of the islands, also having a low chance

Trade winds…moderately strong – carrying enhanced windward
showers our way through Wednesday…mostly during the nights

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative

Ongoing trade winds, with a modest decrease in speeds during the first half of this week…then continuing through the rest of the week. Here’s the latest weather map, showing the Hawaiian Islands, and the rest of the North Pacific Ocean, along with a real-time wind profile of the central Pacific. We have moderately strong high pressure systems located far to the northeast of the state. There are numerous low pressure system located far to the northwest, north, and northeast of the state. At the same time, there are many low pressure systems to the south and southeast, and east-southeast of Hawaii. Our trade winds will remain moderately strong…with some higher gusts. These long lasting trades will continue through the rest of this week into next week.

Satellite imagery shows patchy clouds over and around the islands...being carried our way on the trade winds. Looking at this larger looping satellite image, it shows mostly clear to partly cloudy skies over most of the state…while there active thunderstorms far to the south, and southeast. There’s low clouds being carried our way, which will drop showers locally…mostly along our windward sides during the nights. Meanwhile, there’s that area of disturbed weather to the east-southeast, which may become a tropical cyclone over the next 2-5 days…with another area well to our south-southwest. Here’s the looping radar, showing a few showers moving across our island chain…almost exclusively along the north and east facing windward coasts and slopes…which will increase at times through Wednesday.

We’ll see a modest enhancement to our local showers through Wednesday, most of which will take aim on our windward sides…although a few elsewhere at times too.  Meanwhile, we aren’t out of the woods in terms of tropical cyclones in our central Pacific. This means that we’ll have to keep a close eye out for new activity to our southeast and east-southeast through the next week and longer. As a matter of fact, we have two areas of disturbed weather, both with a low chance of developing into tropical depressions. At the moment, the models are keeping tropical systems well away from the Hawaiian Islands, which of course is a good thing.  I’ll return with more updates on all of the above and below, I hope you have a great Monday night wherever you happen to be spending it! Aloha for now…Glenn.

World-wide tropical cyclone activity:

Atlantic Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones

1.)   Shower activity associated with a weak and elongated area of low pressure centered about 1000 miles east of the Lesser Antilles is limited. Although development of this system is not expected during the next couple of days, some slow development is possible by the end of the week when the system approaches the Lesser Antilles and moves into the Caribbean Sea.

Here’s what the computer models are showing, with a satellite image of this area.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...0 percent * Formation chance through 5 day...low...20 percent

A tropical wave located about midway between the west coast of Africa and the Lesser Antilles is producing disorganized showers and thunderstorms. Any development of this system is expected to be slow to occur during the next several days while it moves to the west-northwest at about 10 mph.

* Formation chance through 5 day...
low...10 percent
* Formation chance through 5 day...low...20 percent 

Here’s a
satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean

Caribbean Sea:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Gulf of Mexico:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

Eastern Pacific: 
Tropical Storm 11E (Karina) remains active in the northeast Pacific, located about 1435 miles east of Hilo, Hawaii – wind speeds 65 mph. Here’s the NHC graphical track map…along with a satellite imagehere’s what the computer models are showing about this storm.

Tropical Storm 12E (Lowell)
remains active in the northeast Pacific, located about 695 miles southwest of the southern tip of Baja California – wind speeds 40 mph. Here’s the NHC graphical track map…along with a satellite image

1.) Disorganized showers and thunderstorms located over the far eastern Pacific are associated with a tropical wave moving off the coast of Central America. Low pressure is expected to form south of the Gulf of Tehuantepec by late Wednesday, and environmental conditions appear conducive for the low to become a tropical depression by the weekend while it moves west-northwestward off the coast of southwestern Mexico.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…10 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high…70 percent.

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Central Pacific
: There are no active tropical cyclones

1.)  A center of low pressure was nearly stationary about 850 miles east-southeast of Hilo. Irregular, pulsing thunderstorms continued to develop around this low, especially where it interacted with the circulation around tropical storm Karina. Significant easterly shear over the area in question will tend to suppress development during the next two days.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…0 percent

2.)  A center of low pressure about 800 miles south of Honolulu moved west slowly. Thunderstorms persisted around this low. Significant easterly shear over the area in question will tend to suppress development during the next two days.s.

* Formation chance through 48 hours, low, 10 percent.

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

Northwest Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

South Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

Interesting:  Toxic Algae Scare Prompts Backlash Against FarmsWhat do a no-drink order in Toledo and a backlash against factory farming have in common? A lot, as it turns out. Residents of Ohio’s fourth-largest city were advised for multiple days earlier this month to refrain from drinking their tap water because it had been contaminated by toxic algae. As residents struggled to deal with their contaminated water supply, the culprit behind the problem became readily apparent: factory farms. The Ohio Agriculture Advisory Council (OAAC) is proposing a regulatory crackdown that could forever change industrial farming practices in this Midwestern state.

The chain between factory farms and contaminated drinking water is a long one. It starts with confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs), where animals are kept in close quarters in order to maximize production. This generates a huge volume of waste, which is stored in massive lagoons like the one seen above. That waste isn’t treated, however, and when those lagoons overflow or contaminate groundwater, the result is a release of waste filled with a variety of potentially infectious organisms — and nutrients that algae and plants love to feed on.

This causes a phenomenon known as nutrient pollution (another culprit for nutrient pollution is fertilizer runoff from industrial agriculture), where waterways become choked by organisms that are growing out of control because they’re getting far more nutritional support than they usually do. They can out-compete native species and totally change aquatic environments. And they can cause drinking water contamination, which leads to large-scale no-drink orders like the one that just happened in Toledo.

While factory farming is bad news for a number of reasons (not least of which is animal welfare), this is a huge problem — and it’s one that is very poorly regulated. Limited restrictions on how waste is collected, controlled and treated exist, and inspectors are overstressed with demanding schedules, which leaves few opportunities for monitoring farms in their regions. As a result, farms can store manure in unsafe conditions with few repercussions. Despite multiple record-breaking waste spills in regions across the United States, regulators have been slow to act on the problem. CAFO operators aren’t required to treat their waste, and often pass the responsibility for cleanup on to government agencies and other parties, sometimes escaping without even a fine for their activities.