Air Temperatures The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Sunday:

86  Lihue, Kauai
89  Honolulu, Oahu – 
88  Molokai
94  Kahului, Maui record for Sunday was 96…back in 1951
87  Kailua Kona
86  Hilo, Hawaii

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands:

0.11  Anahola, Kauai
1.57  Manoa Lyon Arboretum, Oahu
0.00  Kamalo, Molokai
0.20  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.02  Kahului AP, Maui
0.05  Kawainui Stream, Big Island

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too… depending upon weather conditions.

Aloha Paragraphs

Our trade winds will continue blowing, moderately
strong…increasing some Monday for a day or two 

 We’re involved in a normal trade wind weather pattern

An area of tropical moisture will bring showers and
weather our way later Thursday into next
…some possible heavy rainfall

Small Craft Wind Advisory…windiest coasts and
around Maui County and the Big Island –
starting this evening

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~

Our trade winds will remain active…blowing in the moderately strong range for the most part. Here’s the latest weather map, showing the Hawaiian Islands, and the rest of the North Pacific Ocean, along with a real-time wind profile of the central Pacific…focused on the Hawaiian Islands. We have a moderately strong high pressure system located to the northeast of the state, with a ridge of high pressure running west and southwest from its center. The forecast calls for the trade winds to remain active, increasing a notch Monday for a several days.

Satellite imagery shows generally low level clouds over the area…along with higher clouds offshore to the south. Looking at this larger looping satellite image, it also shows thunderstorm activity over the ocean to the south of the state..which is sending high clouds northward into our area. There’s also patches of low clouds to the east, being carried our way on the trade wind flow. Here’s the looping radar, showing just a few showers falling locally along the windward sides at the time of this writing. 

A fairly normal trade wind weather pattern will prevail through mid-week…followed by increased showers into next weekend. In that r
egard, the models continue showing an increase in showers associated with what is now former tropical cyclone Geneieve…moving by to the south of the state. As this area of tropical moisture gets closer, our weather will turn sultry and more shower prone Thursday into next weekend. This now retired tropical cyclone has recently moved from the eastern Pacific into our central Pacific…as it moves more or less westward. It’s now become a remnant low pressure system, posing no threat of strong winds, but may bring the northern fringe of showers our way later in this new week. I’ll be back early Monday morning with your next new weather narrative. Aloha for now…Glenn.

Friday Evening Film:
Once again, there were several good looking films playing here in Kahului, and also a fair amount of films that I had no interest in seeing. This time around, I saw one that’s getting very high ratings, 90+ in fact, and that I’ve been looking forward to seeing for several months. It’s called Dawn of The Planet of The Apes, starring Jason Clarke, Gary Oldman, Keri Russell, Kodi Smit-McPhee, Kirk Acevedo, Judy Greer, Andy Serkis, Karin Konoval...among many others. The synopsis: a growing nation of genetically evolved apes led by Caesar is threatened by a band of human survivors of the devastating virus unleashed a decade earlier. They reach a fragile peace, but it proves short-lived, as both sides are brought to the brink of a war that will determine who will emerge as Earth’s dominant species

I liked this film, it was engaging, full of action, and even had a heart. I wasn’t completely taken however, although was happy to have seen it. I hadn’t seen the original version of this film, or if I had, have forgotten it. This film was definitely entertaining, especially the special effects that seriously impressed me many times. It got to the point where it was the Apes against most men, and I found myself siding with the Apes throughout. It was centered around the San Francisco Bay area, and in particular just to the north of there in Marin County. This is an area that I often frequent, so there was that appeal for me as well. In sum, I really enjoyed it, and as for a grade feel comfortable giving it a strong B…or light B+ rating. Here’s the trailer, so you can check it out yourself.

World-wide tropical cyclone activity:

Atlantic Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones

A tropical wave located about 550 miles southwest of the Cape
Verde Islands is producing a large area of cloudiness and
thunderstorms. Shower activity has increased and become a little
better organized during the past several hours, and environmental
conditions are expected to be conducive for additional development
of this disturbance over the next several days while it moves
generally westward at 10 to 15 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…medium…30 percent
* Formation chance through 5 days…high…70 percent

Here’s a satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean

Caribbean Sea:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Gulf of Mexico:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

North Eastern Pacific: 
Hurricane 08E (Hernan) remains active, here’s the NHC graphical track map…along with a satellite image. Here’s what the hurricane models are showingmeanwhile, there are tropical disturbances…described below:

An area of low pressure located about 1500 miles east-southeast of the Big Island of Hawaii is producing minimal shower activity. Environmental conditions are expected to remain unfavorable for significant development of this system during the next several days while it moves westward at about 10 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…10 percent
* Formation chance through 5 days…low…20 percent

An area of low pressure could form well south or southwest of southern Mexico later this week. Some gradual development of this system is possible after that time while it moves west-northwestward.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low…near 0 percent
* Formation chance through 5 days…low…20 percent

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Central Pacific Ocean:
  There are no active tropical cyclones

1.)  The remnant low of former tropical depression Genevieve is currently located about 860 miles southeast of Hilo, Hawaii. Environmental conditions may be somewhat conducive for development of this system as it continues to move westward at about 10 mph during the next couple of days.  

* Formation chance through 48 hours, medium…30 percent

2.)  A elongated area of showers and thunderstorms is located about 810 miles south of Honolulu, Hawaii. Environmental conditions may be somewhat conducive for development of this system as it continues to move westward at about 10 mph during the next couple of days.

* Formation chance through 48 hours, medium…30 percent

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

Northwest Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

South Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

Interesting: New fossils suggest ALL dinosaurs had feathers The first ever example of a plant-eating dinosaur with feathers and scales has been discovered in Russia. Previously only flesh-eating dinosaurs were known to have had feathers so this new find indicates that all dinosaurs could have been feathered.

The new dinosaur, named Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus as it comes from a site called Kulinda on the banks of the Olov River in Siberia, is described in a paper published recently in Science.

Kulindadromeus shows epidermal scales on its tail and shins, and short bristles on its head and back. The most astonishing discovery, however, is that it also has complex, compound feathers associated with its arms and legs.

Birds arose from dinosaurs over 150 million years ago so it was no surprise when dinosaurs with feathers were found in China in 1996. But all those feathered dinosaurs were theropods, flesh-eating dinosaurs that include the direct ancestors of birds.

Lead author Dr Pascal Godefroit from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural History in Brussels said: “I was really amazed when I saw this. We knew that some of the plant-eating ornithischian dinosaurs had simple bristles, and we couldn’t be sure whether these were the same kinds of structures as bird and theropod feathers. Our new find clinches it: all dinosaurs had feathers, or at least the potential to sprout feathers.”

The Kulinda site was found in summer 2010 by Professor Dr Sofia Sinitsa from the Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology SB RAS in Chita, Russia. In 2013, the Russian-Belgian team excavated many dinosaur fossils, as well as plant and insect fossils.

The feathers were studied by Dr Maria McNamara (University of Bristol and University College, Cork) and Professor Michael Benton (University of Bristol), who has also worked on the feathers of Chinese dinosaurs, and Professor Danielle Dhouailly (Université Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, France) who is a specialist on the development of feathers and scales in modern reptiles and birds.

Dr McNamara said: “These feathers are really very well preserved. We can see each filament and how they are joined together at the base, making a compound structure of six or seven filaments, each up to 15mm long.” Professor Dhouailly said: “Developmental experiments in modern chickens suggest that avian scales are aborted feathers, an idea that explains why birds have scaly legs. The astonishing discovery is that the molecular mechanisms needed for this switch might have been so clearly related to the appearance of the first feathers in the earliest dinosaurs.”