Air Temperatures The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Saturday:

85  Lihue, Kauai
90  Honolulu, Oahu – record for Saturday was 91…back in 1987 and 1995
85  Molokai
88  Kahului, Maui
87  Kailua Kona
87  Hilo, Hawaii

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands:

0.04  Mount Waialeale, Kauai
1.70  Manoa Lyon Arboretum, Oahu
0.03  Kamalo, Molokai
0.34  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.05  Kahakuloa, Maui
0.03  Kawainui Stream, Big Island

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too… depending upon weather conditions.

Aloha Paragraphs

Our trade winds will continue blowing, moderately
strong…increasing some Monday for a few days

An area of moisture will bring an increase in showers
to our windward sides at times this weekend, and elsewhere
at times too…with a few locally heavy at times – then
another area of tropical showers may bring our area more
showers around next Thursday or Friday into the weekend

Small Craft Wind Advisory…windiest coasts and channels
around Maui County and the Big Island

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~

Our trade winds will remain active…blowing in the moderately strong range for the most part. Here’s the latest weather map, showing the Hawaiian Islands, and the rest of the North Pacific Ocean, along with a real-time wind profile of the central Pacific…focused on the Hawaiian Islands. We have a moderately strong high pressure system located to the northeast of the state, with a ridge of high pressure running southwest from its center. The forecast calls for the trade winds to remain active, increasing a notch early in the new work week ahead for a several days.

Satellite imagery shows generally low level clouds over the area…especially along our windward sides. Looking at this larger looping satellite image, it shows thunderstorm activity over the ocean to the southeast of the state…along with a few cirrus streaks passing over some parts of the island chain now too. There’s also patches of clouds to the east, being carried our way on the trade wind flow. Here’s the looping radar, showing a few showers falling locally along the windward sides at the time of this writing. Typically these windward biased showers increase some during the cooler overnight hours…into early Sunday morning.

There will be somewhat more than the normal amount of passing showers this weekend. In that r
egard, the models continue showing an increase in windward showers over the next 24 hours or so…a few of which may become locally heavy. Conditions will return to more normal summertime weather conditions Tuesday through probably around Wednesday. Thereafter, tropical moisture associated with the remains of then retired tropical cyclone Genevieve may approach the state starting later Thursday. There’s at least some chance that this slug of tropical moisture will bring showers then into next weekend…stay tuned. I’ll be back with more updates on all of the above and below. Aloha for now…Glenn.

Friday Evening Film:
Once again, there are several good looking films playing here in Kahului, and also a fair amount of films that I have no interest in. This time around, I’ll see one that’s getting very high ratings, 90+ in fact, and that I’ve been looking forward to seeing for several months. It’s called Dawn of The Planet of The Apes, starring Jason Clarke, Gary Oldman, Keri Russell, Kodi Smit-McPhee, Kirk Acevedo, Judy Greer, Andy Serkis, Karin Konoval...among many others. The synopsis: a growing nation of genetically evolved apes led by Caesar is threatened by a band of human survivors of the devastating virus unleashed a decade earlier. They reach a fragile peace, but it proves short-lived, as both sides are brought to the brink of a war that will determine who will emerge as Earth’s dominant species. I’ll let you know what I thought of this film Saturday morning, until then…here’s the trailer.

I liked this film, it was engaging, full of action, and even had a heart. I wasn’t completely taken however, although was happy to have seen it. I hadn’t seen the original version of this film, or if I had, have forgotten it. This film was definitely entertaining, especially the special effects that seriously impressed me many times. It got to the point where it was the Apes against most men, and I found myself siding with the Apes throughout. It was centered around the San Francisco Bay area, and in particular just to the north of there in Marin County. This is an area that I often frequent, so there was that appeal for me as well. In sum, I really enjoyed it, and as for a grade feel comfortable giving it a strong B…or light B+ rating. Here’s the trailer, so you can check it out yourself.

World-wide tropical cyclone activity:

Atlantic Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones

A tropical wave is located about 420 miles southwest of the Cape
Verde Islands. The associated shower activity is limited
and disorganized, and development should be slow to occur over the
next couple of days. By the middle of this week, however,
environmental conditions are expected to become conducive for
gradual development over the central tropical Atlantic as the
system moves westward at 10 to 15 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…near 0 percent
* Formation chance through 5 days…medium…40 percent

Here’s a satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean

Caribbean Sea:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Gulf of Mexico:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

North Eastern Pacific: 
Tropical Storm 08E (Hernan) remains active, here’s the NHC graphical track map…along with a satellite image. Here’s what the hurricane models are showingmeanwhile, there are tropical disturbances…described below:

Shower activity associated with a well-defined low pressure area located about 1475 miles west-southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula remains poorly organized. Upper-level winds are currently unfavorable for development, but they could become a little more conducive in a few days while the low moves westward.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…medium…40 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days…medium…50 percent.

An area of low pressure could form well south of southern Mexico in a few days. Some gradual development of this system is possible after that time while it moves west-northwestward.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low…near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days…low…20 percent.

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Central Pacific Ocean: 
Tropical Depression 07E (Genevieve) remains active, here’s the CPHC graphical track map…along with a satellite image. Here’s what the hurricane models are showing

Showers and thunderstorms are becoming better organized around a low located about 800 miles south of Honolulu, Hawaii. Environmental conditions may be somewhat conducive for development of this system as it continues to move westward at about 15 mph during the next couple of days.

* Formation chance through 48 hours, medium…30 percent.

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

Northwest Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

South Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

Interesting:  New fossils suggest ALL dinosaurs had feathers The first ever example of a plant-eating dinosaur with feathers and scales has been discovered in Russia. Previously only flesh-eating dinosaurs were known to have had feathers so this new find indicates that all dinosaurs could have been feathered.

The new dinosaur, named Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus as it comes from a site called Kulinda on the banks of the Olov River in Siberia, is described in a paper published recently in Science.

Kulindadromeus shows epidermal scales on its tail and shins, and short bristles on its head and back. The most astonishing discovery, however, is that it also has complex, compound feathers associated with its arms and legs.

Birds arose from dinosaurs over 150 million years ago so it was no surprise when dinosaurs with feathers were found in China in 1996. But all those feathered dinosaurs were theropods, flesh-eating dinosaurs that include the direct ancestors of birds.

Lead author Dr Pascal Godefroit from the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural History in Brussels said: “I was really amazed when I saw this. We knew that some of the plant-eating ornithischian dinosaurs had simple bristles, and we couldn’t be sure whether these were the same kinds of structures as bird and theropod feathers. Our new find clinches it: all dinosaurs had feathers, or at least the potential to sprout feathers.”

The Kulinda site was found in summer 2010 by Professor Dr Sofia Sinitsa from the Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology SB RAS in Chita, Russia. In 2013, the Russian-Belgian team excavated many dinosaur fossils, as well as plant and insect fossils.

The feathers were studied by Dr Maria McNamara (University of Bristol and University College, Cork) and Professor Michael Benton (University of Bristol), who has also worked on the feathers of Chinese dinosaurs, and Professor Danielle Dhouailly (Université Joseph Fourier in Grenoble, France) who is a specialist on the development of feathers and scales in modern reptiles and birds.

Dr McNamara said: “These feathers are really very well preserved. We can see each filament and how they are joined together at the base, making a compound structure of six or seven filaments, each up to 15mm long.” Professor Dhouailly said: “Developmental experiments in modern chickens suggest that avian scales are aborted feathers, an idea that explains why birds have scaly legs. The astonishing discovery is that the molecular mechanisms needed for this switch might have been so clearly related to the appearance of the first feathers in the earliest dinosaurs.”