Air Temperatures The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Wednesday:

84  Lihue, Kauai
89  Honolulu, Oahu
85  Molokai
89  Kahului, Maui
89  Kailua Kona
84  Hilo, Hawaii

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands:

1.13  Mount Waialeale, Kauai
0.46  Oahu Forest NWR, Oahu
0.00  Molokai
0.00  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.06  Haiku, Maui
1.81  Kawainui Stream, Big Island

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too… depending upon weather conditions.

Aloha Paragraphs

Our trade winds will continue blowing…
locally strong and gusty

Fine summer weather…with still some
windward showers at times

A new slug of tropical moisture may bring
increased showers to our windward sides
by Sunday…then again next Wednesday

Small Craft Wind Advisory…coasts and
channels from Molokai to the Big Island

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~

Our trade winds will remain active…blowing in the moderately strong range through Saturday. Here’s the latest weather map, showing the Hawaiian Islands, and the rest of the North Pacific Ocean, along with a real-time wind profile of the central Pacific…focused on the Hawaiian Islands. We have a moderately strong high pressure system parked to the north of the state. The forecast calls for the trade winds to remain active, although easing up a touch Sunday into early next week.

Satellite imagery shows generally low level clouds over the area…with a few wisps of high cirrus clouds around too. Looking at this larger looping satellite image, it shows diminishing cirrus, with lots of  thunderstorm activity over the ocean to the south and southwest of the state. Here’s the looping radar, showing showers…mostly located over the offshore waters…heading towards the windward sides at the time of this writing. The leeward sides will see fewer showers through Saturday.

Typical summer weather expected into the weekend…followed by more showers Sunday into next Monday or so. We’re finally into a normal trade wind weather pattern…which will last through the first part of the weekend. There will be windward biased showers, although the leeward areas should have fine weather prevailing. The models continue showing the chance of more tropical showers arriving later this coming weekend into early next week, and then again towards the middle of next week. I’ll be back with more updates on all of the above and below. Aloha for now…Glenn.

World-wide tropical cyclone activity:

Atlantic Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean

Caribbean Sea:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Gulf of Mexico:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

North Eastern Pacific:
There are no active tropical cyclones

1. A low pressure system located about 1550 miles southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula has changed little overnight. Environmental conditions appear conducive for development, and this system is expected to become a tropical depression during the next day or two while it moves westward or west-northwestward at about 10 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…high…80 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days…high…80 percent.

Here’s a satellite image of this area being referred to as Invest 91E
– along with the hurricane models

2.) A large area of disorganized showers and thunderstorms has formed well south of the coast of southeastern Mexico. Upper-level winds are expected to become more favorable for development of this system over the next few days while its moves generally west-northwestward at 10 to 15 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…near 10 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days…medium…50 percent.

3.) Another area of low pressure could form during the next couple of days roughly 1000 miles southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula. Some gradual development of this system is possible by the weekend while it moves generally west-northwestward at 10 to 15 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days…medium…30 percent.

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Central Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

1.) A surface trough of low pressure located about 1100 miles southeast of the Big Island of Hawaii produced thunderstorms showing a limited, asymmetrical organization. This system may develop during the next few days as it moves further westward across the central Pacific.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…medium…30 percent.

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

Northwest Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

South Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

Interesting: New research compares environmental costs of livestock-based foods Lots of folks love a nice, big, juicy steak, and have no plans of becoming a vegetarian, although there continues to be concern about the resources and costs it takes to produce the proteins of one of the favorite meals around. From the land that is used by livestock to the supplies and energy it takes to raise these animals for our consumption, it is evident that environmental resources take a toll. But what is the real cost?

New research at the Weizmann Institute of Science, conducted in collaboration with scientists in the US, calculates these environmental costs and compares various animal proteins to give a multi-perspective picture of what resources are really being used.

The team looked at the five main sources of protein in the American diet: dairy, beef, poultry, pork and eggs. Their idea was to calculate the environmental inputs — the costs — per nutritional unit: a calorie or gram of protein.

The inputs the researchers employed came from the US Department of Agriculture databases, among other resources. The environmental inputs the team considered included land use, irrigation water, greenhouse gas emissions, and nitrogen fertilizer use.

When the numbers were in, including those for the environmental costs of different kinds of feed, the team developed equations that yielded values for the environmental cost for each food.

The winner? Or should we say, the protein with the biggest footprint? Beef. Which does not come as a surprise. Researchers calculated that in total, eating beef is more costly to the environment about ten times on average — than other animal-derived foods.

Why? For one, cattle require on average 28 times more land and 11 times more irrigation water. They are responsible for releasing 5 times more greenhouse gases, and consume 6 times as much nitrogen, as eggs or poultry. Interestingly, poultry, pork, eggs and dairy all came out fairly similar. Dairy production is often thought to have low environmental impacts, however, that the price of irrigating and fertilizing the crops fed to milk cows — as well as the relative inefficiency of cows in comparison to other livestock — jacks up the cost significantly.

Besides changing the way we think about our diets, researchers hope this study will help inform agricultural policy. Models based on this study can help policy makers decide how to better ensure food security through sustainable practices.