Air Temperatures The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Saturday:

76  Lihue, Kauai
78  Honolulu, Oahu
76  Molokai
80  Kahului, Maui
83  Kona, Hawaii
77  Hilo, Hawaii

Air Temperatures ranged between these warmest and coolest spots near sea level – and on the highest mountain tops on Maui and the Big Island…as of 943pm Saturday evening:


Hilo, Hawaii – 73
Poipu, Kauai – 66

Haleakala Summit –   34
(near 10,000 feet on Maui)
Mauna Kea Summit – 21 (13,000+ feet on the Big Island)

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too… depending upon weather conditions.


Aloha Paragraphs

The leftover moisture from the recent cold front will keep
light showers over parts of Maui County and the Big Island
for the time being – cool weather will remain over the entire
Aloha State through Sunday.

>Look for showers, some heavy with thunderstorms over the
island chain later Sunday, lasting for several days. It appears
that this rainfall will be of a hit or miss nature…not
widespread rainfall
– stay tuned.

>Looking even further ahead, there’s a chance that we could
see yet another storm system over the state next weekend
bringing heavy rains, strong winds, and more thunderstorm
to our islands – stay tuned once again.

Small Craft Wind Advisory…statewide over the coastal and
channel waters
– through 6pm Sunday

High Surf Advisory…for north and west shores of Kauai,
Oahu, and Molokai – and north shores of Maui and the
Big Island through 6pm Sunday

The following numbers represent the most recent top wind gusts (mph), along with directions as of Saturday evening:

17  Port Allen, Kauai – NW
32  Oahu Forest NWR, Oahu – E
28  Molokai – N
35  Lanai – NE
36  Kahoolawe – N
30  Kapalua, Maui – NNE
32  Kealakomo, Big Island – NW

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands as of Saturday evening (545pm totals):

0.03  Mount Waialeale, Kauai
0.02  Schofield Barracks, Oahu
0.00  Molokai
0.00  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.19  Puu Kukui, Maui
0.91  Kawainui Stream – Big Island

We can use the following links to see what’s going on in our area of the north central Pacific Ocean. Here’s the latest NOAA satellite picture – the latest looping satellite image… and finally the latest looping radar image for the Hawaiian Islands.

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~

Our winds will be blowing from the north and northeast in the wake of the recent cold frontal passage…locally strong and gusty. Here’s the latest weather map, showing the Hawaiian Islands, and the rest of the Pacific Ocean. ~~~ We find a high pressure system over the ocean to the west-northwest of the state. At the same time, we see gales and a deep low pressure system far to our north, with an  associated cold front stalled southeast of the Big Island. The chilly north and northeast winds will gradually veer over to the more normal trade wind direction…bringing somewhat warmer air our way.

Satellite imagery shows the cold fronts clouds over the Big Island and parts of Maui…with clear to partly cloudy conditions on the other islands.
There are considerable low clouds over and around the islands, bringing light showers and mist for the most part, to Maui and the Big Island’s windward sides. Here’s the looping radar image, showing these showers falling locally over Maui County and the Big Island….stretching over the ocean to the southeast and south of there. Looking at this larger satellite image, which is in the looping mode, we can see the cold front slowing way down, with lots of stable low clouds flooding into the state from the north and northeast…keeping our area cooler than normal.

An upper level low pressure system, with its very cold air aloft, will destabilize our atmosphere later Sunday into the first half of the new work week ahead. The moisture left over from the recent cold front will interact with the arrival of this cold pool aloft. As these weather features combine, they will produce large amounts of rain across the state. We could see considerable thunderstorm activity later Sunday into Monday…which will be unusual. The cold air aloft would help bring lots of snow to the summits on the Big Island as well…perhaps some white stuff on the Haleakala Crater on Maui too. The one tricky part of this forecast, is knowing ahead of time how much moisture will be available for all this anticipated wet weather…if there isn’t all that much, it could be a deal breaker. This unsettled weather pattern will remain in place for several days into the new work week ahead. I will be monitoring this situation very closely, fine tuning the particulars between now and later Sunday. ~~~ Looking even further ahead, towards next weekend, the models are suggesting that we could have another storm brewing in our area, which would bring windy and rainy weather our way again then…I’ll be bringing you more information on next weekend’s storm on a daily basis. ~~~ I’ll be back again this evening with more updates on all of the above, I hope you have a great Saturday evening wherever you happen to be spending it. Aloha for now…Glenn.

Friday evening Film: This time I went to see another rather edgy film, like what I saw last Friday, which was American Hustle.  I joined six friends in seeing one called The Wolf of Wall Street, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Jonah Hill, Jean Dujardin, Rob Reiner, Matthew McConaughey, Kyle Chandler, Margot Robbie, Christin Milioti, Christine Eber-sole, Shea Whigham, among many others. The synopsis: This is the true story of the outlandish rise and non-stop pleasure-hunting descent of Jordan Belfort, the New York stockbroker who, along with his merry band of brokers, makes a gargantuan fortune by defrauding investors out of millions. Belfort transforms from a righteous young Wall Street newcomer to a thoroughly corrupted stock-pumper and IPO cowboy. Having quickly amassed an absurd fortune, Jordan pumps it back into an endless array of aphrodisiacs: women, Quaaludes, coke, cars, his supermodel wife and a legendary life of aspiration and acquisition without limits. But even as Belfort’s company, Stratton Oakmont, soars sky-high into extremes of hedonistic gratification, the SEC and the FBI are zeroing in on his empire of excess. ~~~ I must admit, this all sounded rather fun, although the critics have been a bit less enthused. I’ve learned to not pay all that much attention to the reviews however, with this film coming in around the 75-80 out of 100 mark…not too bad. I mean lets face it…when is the last time Martin Scorsese made a bad film!? This film runs a full 3 hours long…and was the main complaint I heard from my friends afterwards, it was too long to sit there for so long. The group consensus overall, there were six of us, was a resounding B grade, with one B- rating. I liked it, mostly for its wild and outlandish nature, although I’m sure that it gave a distorted view of Wall Street activities in general. It was a funny movie, really funny at times, with the theater cracking up uproariously at times. It was full of totally outrageous drug scenes, and lots of nudity too. Here’s a trailer, in cause you’d like to take a peek.

World-wide tropical cyclone activity:

Atlantic Ocean:
The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1st through November 30th. Here’s the 2013 hurricane season summary

Here’s a
satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean

Caribbean Sea:

Gulf of Mexico:

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

Eastern Pacific:
The Eastern Pacific hurricane season runs from May 15th through November 30th. Here’s the 2013 hurricane season summary

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Central Pacific Ocean:
The Central Pacific hurricane season runs from June 1st through November 30th. Here’s the 2013 hurricane season summary

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

Western Pacific Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones

South Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans:
Tropical Cyclone 06S (Bejisa) remains active in the South Indian Ocean, here’s the JTWC graphical track map…and a NOAA satellite image.

Tropical Cyclone 01B
is now active in the North Indian Ocean, here’s the JTWC graphical track map…and a NOAA satellite image.

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

New analysis of 28-years of satellite imagery has shown that mangrove forests have been expanding northward along the Atlantic coast of Florida for the last few decades. While one might assume that this may be occurring because of a general warming trend, researchers are claiming that this northern expansion is likely because cold snaps there are becoming a thing of the past.

Study lead author Kyle Cavanaugh, a postdoctoral researcher at Brown University and at the Smithsonian Institution states: “One unique aspect of this work is that we were able to use this incredible time series of large-scale satellite imagery to show that this expansion is a regional phenomenon. It’s a very large-scale change.”

Cavanaugh and his colleagues tested various hypotheses by correlating the satellite observations with reams of other data. What emerged from their tests of statistical significance was the area’s decline in the frequency of days where temperature dips below minus 4 C (25 F). That, not coincidentally, is a physiological temperature limit of mangrove survival.

For the analysis, the research team had to rule out increases in mean annual or winter temperatures as well as changes in precipitation and changes in nearby urban and agricultural landcover. They also ruled out sea level rise.

Instead seemingly subtle differences from 1984 through 2011 of just 1.4 fewer days a year below 25 F in Daytona Beach or 1.2 days a year in Titusville appear to explain as much as a doubling of mangrove habitat in those areas.

As a result of the mangroves’ northern expansion, Cavanaugh says, “The mangroves are expanding into and invading salt marsh, which also provides an important habitat for a variety of species.”

The next question is to understand how these changes affect the lives and interactions of the species in each ecosystem.

The findings are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.