Air Temperatures – The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Friday along with the low temperatures Friday:

87 – 75  Lihue, Kauai
86 – 74  Honolulu, Oahu
86 – 75  Molokai AP
9074  Kahului AP, Maui record high Friday was 93
88 – 75  Kailua Kona
85 – 71  Hilo AP, Hawaii

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (in inches) for each of the islands as of Friday evening:

1.73  Mount Waialeale, Kauai
0.39  Manoa Lyon Arboretum,
Oahu
0.13  Molokai
0.00  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.85  West Wailuaiki, Maui
0.71  Saddle Quarry, Big Island

The following numbers represent the strongest wind gusts (mph) as of Friday evening:

32  Port Allen, Kauai
42  Oahu Forest NWR, Oahu
29  Molokai
31  Lanai

37  Kahoolawe
40  Maalaea Bay, Maui

35  Puu Mali, Big Island

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live webcam on the summit of our tallest mountain Mauna Kea (nearly 13,800 feet high) on the Big Island of Hawaii. This webcam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands, and at night whenever there’s a big moon shining down. Also, at night you will be able to see the stars — and the sunrise and sunset too — depending upon weather conditions.


Aloha Paragraphs

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Post-Tropical Cyclone Ulika is running out of steam well east of the islands

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Post-Tropical Cyclone Ulika is 500+ miles east of the islands

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Close-up view of what’s left of Ulika


Looping satellite images of retired Ulika, with upper level wind shear continuing to take its toll on this weakening system


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Variable clouds, with the northern edge of high cirrus over parts of the state, along with an area of low clouds and showers poised to increase through the night

 

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Showers mostly windward and offshore…increasing first over the eastern islands –
Looping radar image


Small Craft Advisory
…Maalaea Bay, Maui, Pailolo and Alenuihaha Channels, Big Island leeward and southeast waters

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~

 

The trade winds will remain moderately strong through the weekend. Here’s the latest weather map, showing high pressure systems well to our north-northeast, the source of our trade wind flow at the moment. At the same time, former tropical cyclone Ulika is east of the islands, moving westward. Our trade winds will hold on through the weekend, and then weaken slightly as they veer to the east or even southeast early in the new week ahead. If the air flow gets all the way around to the southeast, our atmosphere may begin to feel rather sultry, and there may even be some volcanic haze (vog) moving up over some of the smaller islands.

Here’s a wind profile of the offshore waters around the islands – with a closer view

Here’s the Hawaiian Islands Sulfate Aerosol animated graphic, showing vog forecast

The latest forecast finds a weather change coming our way this weekend into next week. This will be partially associated with what is now retired tropical cyclone Ulika. This area is currently located about 500+ miles east of the Big Island, with the remnant moisture steadily moving in our direction. Meanwhile, there will be shower-enhancing troughs of low pressure over our area this weekend as well. This combination of weather features will bring us off-and-on passing showers. In sum, a wetter than normal pattern, with showers favoring the windward and mountain areas, along with the potential for locally heavy rainfall at times. There’s a good chance that some of this wet weather will work its way over into the leeward sides on the smaller islands at times too.

Marine environment details: High pressure far to the north-northeast of the state will keep trade winds in place through the weekend. A Small Craft Advisory is in effect for the typically windier waters around Maui and the Big Island, and will likely need to be extended through the rest of the weekend.

Easterly swell resulting from the trade winds will continue through this forecast period. A modest rise in surf heights is expected for east facing shores, as the remnants of former TC Ulika approach from the east. Surf heights will remain small through the middle of next week. Models show a strong low near the Aleutian Islands during the middle of next week, that could bring our first significant northwest swell of the winter season next weekend.

Friday Evening Film: My friend Jeff and another lady friend of ours, will see one of the new films that are showing in Kahului, Maui. This film is called Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children. It stars Samuel L. Jackson, Eva Green, Judi Dench, Rupert Everett, Terence Stamp, Kim Dickens, Asa Butterfield, Ella Purnell…among many others. The synopsis: from visionary director Tim Burton, and based upon the best-selling novel, comes an unforgettable motion picture experience. When Jake discovers clues to a mystery that spans different worlds and times, he finds a magical place known as Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar Children. But the mystery and danger deepen as he gets to know the residents and learns about their special powers…and their powerful enemies. Ultimately, Jake discovers that only his own special “peculiarity” can save his new friends. I’ll let you know what we thought of this film, and here’s the trailer if you’re interested in taking a peek.

 

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Increasing clouds and showers, mostly windward and mountains although not exclusively, some will be rather generous


World-wide tropical cyclone activity…


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>>> Atlantic Ocean:

Hurricane 14L (Matthew) is a dangerous category 4 major hurricane! Located approximately 440 miles southeast of Kingston, Jamaica. Here’s the NHC graphical track map, a satellite image, and what the computer models are showing

Here’s a satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean

>>> Caribbean: No active tropical cyclones

>>> Gulf of Mexico: No active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

>>> Eastern Pacific: No active tropical cyclones

1.) A trough of low pressure, located a few hundred miles southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula, is moving west-northwestward at 5 to 10 mph. Development, if any, of this system is expected to be slow to occur before the disturbance reaches cooler waters in a couple of days.

* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…10 percent
* Formation chance through 5 days…low…10 percent

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

>>>
Central Pacific
: No active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

>>> Northwest Pacific Ocean:

Tropical Storm 21W (Chaba)
remains active, located approximately 751 NM southeast of Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan. Here’s the JTWC graphical track map, a satellite image, and what the computer models are showing

>>>
South Pacific Ocean:
No active tropical cyclones


>>>
North and South Indian Oceans / Arabian Sea:
No active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)


Interesting:
92% of the world’s population exposed to unsafe levels of air pollution
A new WHO (World Health Organization) air quality model confirms that 92% of the world’s population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits.

Air pollution’s toll on human health

Some 3 million deaths a year are linked to exposure to outdoor air pollution. Indoor air pollution can be just as deadly. In 2012, an estimated 6.5 million deaths (11.6% of all global deaths) were associated with indoor and outdoor air pollution together.

Nearly 90% of air-pollution-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, with nearly 2 out of 3 occurring in WHO’s South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions.

Ninety-four per cent are due to noncommunicable diseases – notably cardiovascular diseases, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer. Air pollution also increases the risks for acute respiratory infections.

“Air pollution continues take a toll on the health of the most vulnerable populations – women, children and the older adults,” adds Dr Bustreo. “For people to be healthy, they must breathe clean air from their first breath to their last.”

Major sources of air pollution include inefficient modes of transport, household fuel and waste burning, coal-fired power plants, and industrial activities. However, not all air pollution originates from human activity. For example, air quality can also be influenced by dust storms, particularly in regions close to deserts.

Improved air pollution data

The model has carefully calibrated data from satellite and ground stations to maximize reliability. National air pollution exposures were analyzed against population and air pollution levels at a grid resolution of about 10 km x 10 km.

“This new model is a big step forward towards even more confident estimates of the huge global burden of more than 6 million deaths – 1 in 9 of total global deaths – from exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution,” said Dr Maria Neira, WHO Director, Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health. “More and more cities are monitoring air pollution now, satellite data is more comprehensive, and we are getting better at refining the related health estimates.”