Air Temperatures – The following high temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Monday…along with the low temperatures Tuesday:

89 – 78  Lihue, Kauai
75  Honolulu, Oahu
8674  Molokai
90 – 74  Kahului AP, MauiMonday’s record high was 94…set back in 1953
86 – 75  Kailua Kona
82 – 69  Hilo AP, Hawaii

Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands as of Tuesday morning:

0.27  Mount Waialeale, Kauai
0.24  Oahu Forest NWR, Oahu
0.130  Molokai
0.00  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe

0.20  West Wailuaiki, Maui
1.34  Saddle Quarry, Big Island

The following numbers represent the strongest wind gusts (mph) as of Tuesday morning:

20  Port Allen, Kauai
27  Oahu Forest NWR, Oahu
25  Molokai
13  Lanai
35  Kahoolawe

20  Kahului AP, Maui
24  South Point, Big Island

Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live webcam on the summit of our tallest mountain Mauna Kea (nearly 13,800 feet high) on the Big Island of Hawaii. This webcam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands, and at night whenever there’s a big moon shining down. Also, at night you will be able to see the stars — and the sunrise and sunset too — depending upon weather conditions.

Aloha Paragraphs
The tropics remain active…with a cold front northwest
Thunderstorms…offshore southwest through southeast
Scattered low clouds across the state…mostly windward
Showers locally…some are heavy –
Looping radar image

Small Craft Advisory…windiest coasts and channels around Maui County the Big Island

~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~


Broad Brush Overview: High pressure to the north-northeast of the islands will keep moderate trade winds blowing through the remainder of the work week. The trades will ease to light to locally moderate levels during the weekend into early next week…as the high north of the state weakens. Showers will favor windward and mountain areas, with a few showers reaching leeward areas.

Details: The trade winds will continue through Friday, with a gradual decrease in strength as the week goes on. Off and on clouds and showers will continue to pass through the state, focusing generally over windward and mountain areas during the night and morning hours. A few showers may also drift into leeward areas from time to time…due to the strength of the trades.

Looking ahead: Our trades will soften as a cold front approaches the islands later this week…resulting in land and sea breezes in the leeward areas. In addition, an upper level trough may also deepen in the island vicinity, with the atmosphere becoming more unstable. However, the models aren’t showing much of an increase in moisture over the islands…which should limit shower activity.

Meanwhile, the Central Pacific remains quiet in terms of tropical storms, while the eastern Pacific has Tropical storm Otis and Tropical Depression Norma churning the waters. Looking at the latest models, I still don’t see any tropical systems moving towards the Hawaiian Islands.

Here’s a wind profile of the Pacific Ocean – Closer view of the islands / Here’s the vog forecast animation / Here’s the latest weather map

Marine environment details: Strong high pressure far north-northeast of the islands will support strong trade winds as it remains nearly stationary through Wednesday. The high will gradually diminish later in the week into the weekend, with the associated ridge being pushed toward the islands…as a cold front approaches from the northwest. This will lead to a gradual decrease in trade wind speeds, especially over the weekend, potentially continuing into early next week. A Small Craft Advisory is posted for marine zones where winds are most accelerated by island terrain into Thursday.

The nearby and upstream fetch of elevated trade winds will support choppy  surf along windward shores the next couple of days. Otherwise, the only significant swell source is a low to the northwest, that will send a small west-northwest swell toward the islands Thursday and Friday.

World-wide Tropical Cyclone activity

>>> Here’s the Tuesday PDC Weather Wall Presentation, covering Hurricane Jose…and Hurricane Maria

>>> Here’s the Tuesday PDC Weather Wall Presentation, covering Post-Tropical Cyclone Otis, and Tropical Depression Norma

>>> Atlantic Ocean:

Hurricane 12L (Jose) is active, here’s a NHC graphical track map, a satellite image…and what the computer models are showing

>>> Caribbean Sea: 

Hurricane 15L (Maria) is active, here’s a NHC graphical track map, a satellite image…and what the computer models are showing

>>> Gulf of Mexico: No active tropical cyclones

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

>>> Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Storm 15E (Otis) remains active, here’s a NHC graphical track map, a satellite image…and what the computer models are showing

Tropical Depression 17E (Norma) remains active, here’s a NHC graphical track map, a satellite image…and what the computer models are showing

Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

Central Pacific
: No active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)

>>> Northwest Pacific Ocean:

>>> South Pacific Ocean: No active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans / Arabian Sea:
No active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)

Who Are the Millennials?
– Teenagers, twenty- and thirty-somethings have been dubbed the Millennial Generation, or simply Millennials. But what does it mean? And how old is too old to be a Millennial?

The term Millennials generally refers to the generation of people born between the early 1980s and 1990s, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Some people also include children born in the early 2000s.

The Millennial Generation is also known as Generation Y, because it comes after Generation X — those people between the early 1960s and the 1980s. The publication Ad Age was one of the first to coin the term “Generation Y,” in an editorial in August 1993. But the term didn’t age well, and “Millennials” has largely overtaken it. But the terms basically mean the same thing.

This age group has also been called the Peter Pan or Boomerang Generation because of the propensity of some to move back in with their parents, perhaps due to economic constraints, and a growing tendency to delay some of the typical adulthood rites of passage like marriage or starting a career.

Millennials have been characterized in a number of different ways. On the negative side, they’ve been described as lazy, narcissistic and prone to jump from job to job. The 2008 book “Trophy Kids” by Ron Alsop discusses how many young people have been rewarded for minimal accomplishments (such as mere participation) in competitive sports, and have unrealistic expectations of working life.

A story in Time magazine said polls show that Millennials “want flexible work schedules, more ‘me time’ on the job, and nearly nonstop feedback and career advice from managers.” Another Time story in May 2013, titled “The Me Me Me Generation,” begins: “They’re narcissistic. They’re lazy. They’re coddled. They’re even a bit delusional. Those aren’t just unfounded negative stereotypes about 80 million Americans born roughly between 1980 and 2000. They’re backed up by a decade of sociological research.” The article also points out that Millennials may be simply adapting quickly to a world undergoing rapid technological change.

A 2012 study found Millennials to be “more civically and politically disengaged, more focused on materialistic values, and less concerned about helping the larger community than were GenX (born 1962-1981) and Baby Boomers (born 1946 to about 1961) at the same ages,” according to USA Today. “The trend is more of an emphasis on extrinsic values such as money, fame, and image, and less emphasis on intrinsic values such as self-acceptance, group affiliation and community.” The study was based on an analysis of two large databases of 9 million high school seniors or entering college students.

They have also been described in positive ways. They are generally regarded as being more open-minded, and more supportive of gay rights and equal rights for minorities. Other positives adjectives to describe them include confident, self-expressive, liberal, upbeat and receptive to new ideas and ways of living.

Though viewed as more liberal, some Millennials are bucking the trend. A study published March 31, 2017 by the Council on Contemporary Families found that high school seniors increasingly believe that the man should be the bread-winner in a relationship and a woman should care for the home. “It’s been a steady reversal,” said study co-author Joanna Pepin, a doctoral candidate in sociology at the University of Maryland.

In addition, it seems that this generation may be having less sex that any other generation before it. In a survey of more than 26,000 American adults, about 15 percent of Millennials between 20 and 24 reported having no sexual partners since the age of 18. Only 6 percent of GenXers (people born in the 1960s) could claim the same. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2016 also found that teen Millennials were less sexually active that previous generations.

Millennials are also more likely to use public libraries than other generations, according to the Pew Research Center.

There is a spirited, if not tiresome, debate about whether Millennials are self-entitled narcissists or open-minded do-gooders; surely the truth lies somewhere in-between. Generally, however, there does seem to be more of an emphasis on the self than in previous generations, one reason why this group has been called Generation Me. Research presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) in San Diego found that Millennials themselves do believe that they are more narcissistic that previous generations, but they don’t like it. Also, the uptick in narcissism is only very slight when compared with other generations.

“We’re not talking about two generations ago, people were just completely selfless, and in this generation we’re trying to kill each other to watch the next season of something on Netflix,” Joshua Grubbs, a doctoral candidate at Case Western Reserve University in Ohio.

The self-centered life approach may be due to the rise of individualism in society. “There is a very consistent and reliable trend where all indicators of individualism [have] been on the rise over the course of the last 100 years,” Igor Grossman, a psychologist at the University of Waterloo, told an audience at the SPSP meeting.

Other scholars have pointed out that the attempt to make generalizations about an entire generation is a futile effort. Further, some have suggested that discussion of “Millennials” tends to focus on mostly white youth from suburban areas, ignoring the unique experience of immigrants and minorities.