Air Temperatures The following maximum temperatures (F) were recorded across the state of Hawaii Friday:

82  Lihue, Kauai
87  Honolulu, Oahu
84  Molokai
88  Kahului, Maui
87  Kailua Kona
82  Hilo, Hawaii


Air Temperatures ranged between these warmest and coolest spots near sea level – and on the highest mountain tops on Maui and the Big Island…as of 930pm Friday evening:

 

Kailua Kona – 80
Hilo, Hawaii
- 73

Haleakala Summit –   43 (near 10,000 feet on Maui)
Mauna Kea Summit – 36 (13,000+ feet on the Big Island)


Hawaii’s MountainsHere’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too… depending upon weather conditions.

 


Aloha Paragraphs

 

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Trade wind weather pattern…well into the future

W
indward showers arriving in an off and on manner –
although not many for the time being – dry elsewhere

Small Craft Wind Advisory…windiest coasts and
channels – around all the Hawaiian Islands




The following numbers represent the strongest wind gusts (mph), along with directions…as of Friday evening:


18  Port Allen, Kauai – NE
28  Oahu Forest NWR, Oahu – NNE
28  Molokai – ESE
27  Lanai – NE
29  Kahoolawe – NE

24  Kahului, Maui – NE

33  Upolu airport, Big Island – NE


Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands…as of Friday evening (845pm totals):


0.42  Mount Waialeale, Kauai
0.05  Punaluu Stream, Oahu
0.02  Molokai
0.00  Lanai
0.00  Kahoolawe
0.01  Kahakuloa, Maui
0.03  Kealakekua, Big Island


We can use the following links to see what’s going on in our area of the north central Pacific Ocean. Here’s the latest NOAA satellite picture – the latest looping satellite image… and finally the latest looping radar image for the Hawaiian Islands.


~~~ Hawaii Weather Narrative ~~~



Gusty trade winds will prevail well into next week. Here’s the latest weather map, showing the Hawaiian Islands, and the rest of the North Pacific Ocean, along with a real-time wind profile of the central Pacific…focused on the Hawaiian Islands. We have a very large, moderately strong, near 1033 millibar high pressure system located far to the north-northeast, with its associated ridge extending southwest…to the northwest of the state. Our local winds will remain gusty, with only minor daily variations in speed and direction through the weekend. Those places with the most direct exposure to this wind flow will top 30-35 mph in gusts during the days…lighter at night.

Satellite imagery shows scattered low clouds to our east and northeast…as well as some higher level clouds across parts of the state as well.
Looking at this larger looping satellite image, we see areas of high level clouds to our north, associated with an upper level low pressure system. In addition, there are high level clouds also active to the west, south and southeast. There are also those lower level clouds riding along in the trade wind flow…impacting our windward sides at times, although not many. These low clouds along our windward sides will bring some showers with them during the cooler hours of the night, and then diminish during the warmer daytime hours. Here’s a looping radar image, showing just a few showers falling across the state, although most of them are located over the offshore waters at the time of this writing.

Looking ahead through the rest of this weekend into the new week, there will be little change in rainfall…or our trade wind speeds. We continue to be involved in a very well established trade wind weather pattern, as we push through the last week of this late spring season. I don’t see any surprises on the upcoming horizon, at least in terms of our pleasant weather conditions. There continues to be no end in sight, in regards to our ongoing trade wind regime, accompanied by generally nice weather in most areas. I’ll be back again Saturday morning with your next new weather narrative from paradise, I hope you have a great Friday night wherever you’re spending it! Aloha for now…Glenn.

Here on Maui, at the 3,100 foot elevation, at my upper Kula, Maui weather tower, the air temperature was 56.5 degrees at 545am on this Friday morning. Skies are clear overhead, with just a few clouds around the edges…most of which are over the offshore waters.
The main thing I notice this morning is the full moon beaming down to our west, which is about to sink into the ocean offshore from the leeward sides…its beautiful!

It’s a hot summer like day here on Maui at 250pm, with temperature in the 80’s from sea level, on the mountain to at least the 3500 foot level. It’s a very warm 84 degrees here at the 3,100 foot elevation in Kula, which is about as hot as it gets. I’m sure it’s right around 90 degrees down near sea level along our leeward sides…with good beaching weather for sure.

We’re into the early evening now at 515pm, under partly cloudy skies, light breezes, light to moderate haze…and an air temperature of 79.7 degrees.
  Once again we have that haze down in the central valley, no doubt about it. It isn’t as thick as it sometimes gets at other times of the year…although its definitely part of our atmosphere now. At the same time, glancing over towards the north shore, it looks uncharacteristically cloud free…I’ll bet those folks on that side are enjoying the clear weather! Looking ahead into the weekend, more of the same, with generally favorably inclined conditions prevailing into the new week.

Friday Evening Film: This isn’t a film that I’ve much been looking forward to seeing. Although, after having seen all of the other current films play that I wanted to see, this one was the only one left that I thought that I could stomach. It’s called Maleficent, starring Angelina Jolie, Sharito Copley, Elle Fanning, Sam Riley, Imelda Stauton, and Juno Temple…among many others.

Here’s the synopsis: “Maleficent” explores the untold story of Disney’s most iconic villain from the classic “Sleeping Beauty” and the elements of her betrayal that ultimately turn her pure heart to stone. Driven by revenge and a fierce desire to protect the moors over which she presides, Maleficent cruelly places an irrevocable curse upon the human king’s newborn infant Aurora. As the child grows, Aurora is caught in the middle of the seething conflict between the forest kingdom she has grown to love and the human kingdom that holds her legacy. Maleficent realizes that Aurora may hold the key to peace in the land and is forced to take drastic actions that will change both worlds forever.


As for ratings, the critics are giving it a moderately good 51% liking, while the audiences are upping that to 76%. The trailer is pretty good, in fact, that’s largely why I’m seeing it. Then, of course, there’s Angelina Jolie, who has a face that’s difficult to see too much…if you know what I mean. I’ll let you know what I thought of this film Saturday morning.



World-wide tropical cyclone activity:


Atlantic Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones expected through the next 5 days

Here’s a
satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean


Caribbean Sea:
There are no active tropical cyclones expected through the next 5 days

Gulf of Mexico:
There are no active tropical cyclones expected through the next 5 days

Here’s a satellite image of the Caribbean Sea…and the Gulf of Mexico.

Here’s the link to the National Hurricane Center (NHC)

Eastern Pacific: Tropical cyclone 03E (Cristina)
remains active, here’s a NHC graphical track map…and a satellite image of this tropical cyclone. Here’s what the hurricane models are showing for now downgraded tropical storm Cristina. This storm will continue weakening today, throughout the remainder of her life cycle.


Here’s a wide satellite image that covers the entire area between Mexico, out through the central Pacific…to the International Dateline.


Central Pacific Ocean:
No tropical cyclones are expected through Monday morning


Here’s a link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC)


Northwest Pacific Ocean: Tropical cyclone 07W (Hagibis) is now active in the South China Sea. Here’s the JTWC graphical track map…along with a satellite image of this briefly strengthening system.


South Pacific Ocean:
There are no active tropical cyclones

North and South Indian Oceans:
There are no active tropical cyclones

Here’s a link to the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)


Interesting: Nasa Prepares To Launch First Satellite Dedicated To Measuring CO2 LevelsNASA’s first spacecraft dedicated to measuring carbon dioxide levels in Earth’s atmosphere is in final preparations for a July 1 launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.


The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) mission will provide a more complete, global picture of the human and natural sources of carbon dioxide, as well as their “sinks,” the natural ocean and land processes by which carbon dioxide is pulled out of Earth’s atmosphere and stored.


Carbon dioxide, a critical component of Earth’s carbon cycle, is the leading human-produced greenhouse gas driving changes in Earth’s climate.


“Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere plays a critical role in our planet’s energy balance and is a key factor in understanding how our climate is changing,” said Michael Freilich, director of NASA’s Earth Science Division in Washington. “With the OCO-2 mission, NASA will be contributing an important new source of global observations to the scientific challenge of better understanding our Earth and its future.”


OCO-2 will launch on a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket and maneuver into a 438-mile (705-kilometer) altitude, near-polar orbit. It will become the lead satellite in a constellation of five other international Earth monitoring satellites that circle Earth once every 99 minutes and cross the equator each day near 1:36 p.m. local time, making a wide range of nearly simultaneous Earth observations. OCO-2 is designed to operate for at least two years.


The spacecraft will sample the global geographic distribution of the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide and allow scientists to study their changes over time more completely than can be done with any existing data .


Since 2009, Earth scientists have been preparing for OCO-2 by taking advantage of observations from the Japanese GOSAT satellite. OCO-2 replaces a nearly identical NASA spacecraft lost because of a rocket launch mishap in February 2009.


At approximately 400 parts per million, atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least the past 800,000 years. The burning of fossil fuels and other human activities are currently adding nearly 40 billion tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere each year, producing an unprecedented build-up in this greenhouse gas.