Air Temperatures – The following maximum temperatures were recorded across the state of Hawaii Saturday:
Lihue, Kauai - 82
Honolulu airport, Oahu - 83
Kaneohe, Oahu - 83
Molokai airport - 83
Kahului airport, Maui – 87 (Record high temperature for Saturday / 94 -1984)
Kona airport – 85
Hilo airport, Hawaii - 83
Air Temperatures ranged between these warmest and coolest spots near sea level – and on the highest mountain top around the state…as of 5pm Saturday evening:
Kahului, Maui - 85
Lihue, Kauai - 75
Haleakala Summit - M (near 10,000 feet on Maui)
Mauna Kea Summit – 41 (near 13,800 feet on the Big Island)
Hawaii’s Mountains – Here’s a link to the live web cam on the summit of near 13,800 foot Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawaii. This web cam is available during the daylight hours here in the islands…and when there’s a big moon shining down during the night at times. Plus, during the nights you will be able to see stars, and the sunrise and sunset too…depending upon weather conditions. Here's the Haleakala Crater webcam on Maui…although this webcam is not always working correctly.
Tropical Cyclone activity in the eastern and central Pacific - Here’s the latest weather information coming out of the National Hurricane Center, covering the eastern north Pacific. You can find the latest tropical cyclone information for the central north Pacific (where Hawaii is located) by clicking on this link to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center. A satellite image, which shows the entire ocean area between Hawaii and the Mexican coast…can be found here.
Gradually strengthening trade
winds, localized upcountry
showers, then returning
windward showers Monday
As this weather map shows, we have high pressure systems located far to the northeast of the islands. Our local winds will remain active from the trade wind direction, although lighter Saturday…with daytime sea breezes locally along our leeward beaches. The trade winds will pick up later Sunday into Monday.
The following numbers represent the most recent top wind gusts (mph), along with directions as of Saturday evening:
12 Moloaa Dairy, Kauai – SE
22 Kahuku trng, Oahu – SE
17 Molokai – ENE
24 Kahoolawe – ESE
17 Lipoa, Maui – NE
09 Lanai – NE
25 Upolu airport, Big Island – NE
We can use the following links to see what’s going on in our area of the north central Pacific Ocean. Here's the latest NOAA satellite picture – the latest looping satellite image…and finally the latest looping radar image for the Hawaiian Islands.
Here are the latest 24-hour precipitation totals (inches) for each of the islands as of Saturday evening:
1.01 Puu Opae, Kauai
0.92 Waipio, Oahu
0.11 Kula 1, Maui
0.46 Kapapala Ranch, Big Island
There will be a gradual strengthening of our local trade winds later Sunday into Monday. We find a couple of far away high pressure systems to the northeast of Hawaii, along with a trough of low pressure over Kauai and Oahu. The trades will remain on the lighter side of the wind spectrum, then pick up a notch again later Sunday through all of the new week ahead. As our trade winds are lighter now, daytime sea breezes will occur, carrying moisture up the leeward slopes of our mountains during the morning through afternoon hours. There won't be any overly serious showers falling from these afternoon upcountry clouds, although some of them may become quite generous here and there. The trade winds will rebound late in the day Sunday, putting an end to the afternoon clouds over the smaller islands by Monday…bringing back our typical windward biased showers then.
It was Friday evening, and so you know the routine…I drove down to Kahului to see a new film. This one was called Safety not Guaranteed, starring Aubrey Plaza, Mark Duplass, Jake Johnson and Karan Soni…among many others. The synopsis: when an unusual classified ad inspires three cynical Seattle magazine employees to look for the story behind it, they discover a mysterious eccentric named Kenneth, a likable but paranoid supermarket clerk, who believes he's solved the riddle of time travel and intends to depart again soon. The critics are giving this new film high grades. According to the trailer, it looked good, and full of fun to me. I saw it with one of my neighbors, and his daughter and her boyfriend. We all liked it, and as far as grades went, they ranged between B and B+, and two A- ratings. I was surprised how much I liked this film, as the acting was superb, and the general flow of the film was excellent. There is a delightfully surprising ending to the film, and it was thoroughly entertaining all the way through. I could recommend this film highly, and was very happy to have seen it.
Here in Kula, Maui at 515pm, it was partly cloudy…with an air temperature of 72.9F degrees. A trough of low pressure located near Kauai, and moving westward, has taken our trade wind speeds way down. At the same time, this trough has prompted daytime onshore sea breezes, which is somewhat unusual during the middle of our summer here in the tropics. These breezes carried moisture upslope into the interior regions again today, like they did yesterday. This moisture cooled and condensed as it rises away from the coasts, prompting clouds during the afternoon hours perhaps again Sunday. Our early morning hours will be cooler than normal again Sunday, with air temperatures dropping down into the middle 60's at several sea level locations. As the trade winds begin to rebound into Monday, windward showers will increase again some then. ~~~ I'll be back again Sunday morning, I hope you have a great Saturday night wherever you happen to be spending it! Aloha for now…Glenn.
[World-wide tropical cyclone activity:
Central Pacific Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones
Eastern Pacific Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones
Atlantic Ocean/Gulf of Mexico/Caribbean: There are no active tropical cyclones
Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical storm Vicente (9W) is active approximately 180 NM south-southeast of Hong Kong, China. Sustained winds are 45 knots, with gusts to near 55 knots. It's expected to remain a tropical storm, without attaining typhoon status, as it continues crossing the warm waters of the South China Sea. It will impact the southern China coast, and then move further west to strike the Vietnamese coast...moving inland just north of Hanoi. Here's the JTWC graphical track map for this strengthening tropical cyclone.
South Pacific Ocean: There are no active tropical cyclones
South and North Indian Oceans: There are no active tropical cyclones
Interesting: As the Earth's surface warms, climate models predict that the amount of fresh water for human consumption will likely decrease in parts of the globe. While that prospect looms for many cities around the world, a new study finds a more imminent threat to water supplies of cities in the tropical Andes, such as Lima, Peru and Quito, Ecuador. "Despite all the uncertainty of the future impact of climate change, the impact of population growth is much bigger," said Wouter Buytaert of Imperial College London, an environmental engineer and lead author of the study.
This could mean harsher times ahead for millions including the 7.6 and 2.2 million inhabitants of the fast growing cities of Lima and Quito. Some parts of the tropical Andes, a region along the northwestern coast of South America, already lack sufficient water to meet demand. To help policy makers combat this water scarcity, Buytaert and his colleague, Bert De Bièvre of the Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Eco-region in Quito, Ecuador, compared the two main drivers of water depletion in that region — climate change and population growth.
The scientists used 19 climate models to project how climate change may affect urban water resources of the tropical Andes over the next 60 years. While the most pessimistic findings from models projected an average water depletion of up to 10 percent of current values, some optimistic outlooks estimated a 10 percent increase in water availability.
When the researchers separately modeled the impact of population growth, they found a drop of 38 to 62 percent in the amount of water available for each person. In their projections, the demand for more water as populations increase surpasses the amount of water lost through evaporation from warmer temperatures due to climate change.
Combining the two effects into a more realistic scenario of climate change and population growth happening simultaneously, the team saw the downward trend take over. “Under whatever climate scenario, if you combine it with the impact of population growth it’s nearly certain that the impact will be negative,” Buytaert said. “So, it’s very, very unlikely that there will be more water available in the future [for this region].”
The study has been accepted for publication in Water Resources Research, a journal of the American Geophysical Union. Buytaert and De Bièvre, a civil engineer with specialization in irrigation, focused their models on four cities in the tropical Andes: Lima; Quito; Bogotá, Colombia; and La Paz, Bolivia. These four cities are all increasing in population at a faster rate than the average population growth rate of South America as a whole.
While the scientists’ methods and models could be applied to different regions worldwide, Buytaert said, their results don’t necessarily translate to other highly populated cities around the world. This is because the extent to which population growth and climate change impact a city’s water resources depends significantly on each city’s location and surrounding environment.
Cities at different elevations obtain their water from different sources, which are variably affected by climate change. For instance, cities at low elevations such as Lima obtain their water from streams flowing down the Andes. But cities at high elevations, such as Bogotá, Quito, and La Paz, are more restricted in how they obtain water and often collect it from nearby lakes or ponds, since it would be too costly to pump up from lower sources.
“The way you look at the issue of water scarcity in the future is very different for a city like Lima than for a city like Quito, and that is a main point we want to highlight,” Buytaert said. Further, Lima ranks as the second largest desert city in the world while Quito, for instance, has a relatively humid climate.
These differences in elevation and climate make it difficult to generalize future water availability for a broad region, he said. Previous studies have approached issues of future water scarcity, but on global scales. To really inform policy-making on a national level, Buytaert said, researchers should include the specific geography and environment of individual cities.
“A lot of policy actions are being taken, but we have to be aware about what the future holds in order to make sure that those actions are sustainable and future proof,” he said. The region could work to keep future water scarcity at bay by using several tactics, Buytaert explained. First, he said, would be to educate citizens about the issues of water scarcity and how to consume less water.
Quito, for instance, uses approximately 66 gallons of water per person per day while the United Kingdom uses about 26.5 gallons per person per day – less than half of Quito’s consumption. Second, officials could safeguard current crucial water supplies, such as wetlands, through conservation efforts.
These approaches are just a few of many that could combat the problem of future water scarcity. “The solution will be complex and will really be a combination of many small things that can be done,” Buytaert said. To probe the regional situation more deeply, Buytaert said, the next step will be to look at additional influences on water resources, such as vegetation changes and land degradation.
Integrating those stressers into models would give an increasingly accurate picture and timeline for when, where, and how water scarcity will impact the tropical Andes.